best way to travel in Spain
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Spain is a beautiful country with diverse regions, fascinating history, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality. When planning a trip to Spain, one of the most critical decisions is choosing the best way to travel in Spain. Depending on your itinerary, budget, and personal preferences, you can explore Spain by train, carplanebus, or boat.

Here you go through the different modes of transportation in Spain and help you choose the most efficient and comfortable way to get around. From the convenience of train travel to the flexibility of driving, to the scenic boat journeys, you’ll find all the essential information you need to plan your dream trip to Spain.

Key Takeaways

  1. Train:
    • AVE (Alta Velocidad Española) is the fastest way to travel long distances in Spain, connecting major cities through Madrid. AVE trains are comfortable and efficient.
    • RENFE Alvia trains connect northern cities to Madrid with high-speed service and stops along the way.
    • Train travel is generally pricier than buses but offers speed and comfort.
  2. Bus:
    • Buses are the most economical option for travel around Spain.
    • It is ideal for reaching smaller towns not served by trains.
    • Long bus journeys may not be suitable for short trips or tight schedules.
  3. Car:
    • Renting a car provides flexibility for exploring off-the-beaten-path destinations.
    • It can be expensive considering gas, parking, and tolls.
  4. Boat:
    • Ferries are a good choice for reaching Spain’s islands like the Canary and Balearic Islands.
    • It is also suitable for coastal cities like Barcelona and Valencia.
    • Boat travel is slower, and not recommended for tight schedules.

Also Read Best Ways to Travel Around Italy: Best Transportation (2024)

Traveling Around Spain by Train

Spain boasts an extensive and efficient train network, making it a popular choice for travelers. For tourists, traveling around Spain by train is a convenient and comfortable option. With high-speed trains, you can get from Madrid to Barcelona in just 2.5 hours!

Train stations in Spain are well-connected, making it easy to access different parts of the country. Spain has two major train operators: Renfe and AVE. Renfe is the national train operator, while AVE provides high-speed trains between major cities.

When traveling by train in Spain, there are different ticket options available. You can choose between flexible or non-flexible tickets, round-trip or one-way tickets, and first or second-class tickets. It’s recommended to purchase tickets in advance, especially during high season, to avoid sold-out trains and higher prices.

Tips on Navigating Spain’s Major Train Stations

Spain’s major train stations, including Atocha in Madrid and Sants in Barcelona, can be overwhelming for first-time visitors. Here are some tips on how to navigate these stations:

  • Plan ahead and arrive early to avoid rushing
  • Look for information desks or ask station employees for help if needed
  • Be aware of pickpockets and keep your belongings close to you at all times
  • Check the departure board and platform number for your train
  • Board the train at least 5-10 minutes before departure

Types of Trains in Spain

Spain has different types of trains that cater to different needs. The high-speed AVE trains are the fastest and most expensive, while the regional Cercanías trains are slower and more affordable.

Here are the different types of trains in Spain:

Train TypeDescription
AVEHigh-speed trains between major cities
AlviaLong-distance trains that connect major cities with smaller towns
EuromedTrains that run along the Mediterranean coast, connecting Valencia, Barcelona, and Alicante
Regional ExpressRegional trains that connect small towns and villages with larger cities
CercaníasSuburban trains that operate within metropolitan areas

When traveling by train in Spain, it’s important to note that smoking is prohibited on all trains and eating or drinking is only allowed in designated areas.

Overall, traveling around Spain by train is a convenient and enjoyable experience. With comfortable seats, picturesque views, and access to Wi-Fi, you can sit back and relax while exploring the beautiful country of Spain.

Exploring Spain by Car

If you’re looking for a more flexible way to travel around Spain, renting a car might be the best way to travel in Spain. It allows you to explore the countryside at your own pace and visit off-the-beaten-path locations that are not easily accessible by other means of transportation. However, before hitting the road, there are a few things to consider.

Renting a Car

There are many car rental companies in Spain, both international and local, and it’s important to do your research to find the best deal. You can compare prices and reserve a car online before your trip.

Most car rental companies require you to be at least 21 years old and have a valid driver’s license. Some companies may also require an International Driver’s Permit, so it’s important to check the requirements with your rental company before you go.

When you pick up your rental car, make sure to inspect it thoroughly for any damage and take note of it on the rental agreement before you sign. This will prevent any misunderstandings or charges for pre-existing damage when you return the car. Also, be aware that automatic cars may cost more to rent than manual ones.

Driving in Spain

Driving in Spain can be different from driving in other countries as there are unique traffic regulations and customs to be aware of. Speed limits are in kilometers per hour and are generally 50 km/h in cities, 90 km/h on secondary roads, and 120 km/h on highways.

In addition, it’s important to be aware of the right-of-way rules at roundabouts, yield signs, and pedestrian crossings. Always wear your seatbelt and make sure all passengers do the same, as it is mandatory by law. Finally, be cautious when driving at night, as some rural roads may not have adequate lighting.

Parking in Spain

One of the challenges of driving in Spain is finding suitable parking, especially in cities. There are various parking options available, including street parking, public garages, and private lots. Be aware that some cities have restricted areas known as Zonas Azules or Zonas Verdes, where parking is limited to a certain amount of time and requires a parking disc.

To save time and avoid the hassle of finding parking, some cities have park-and-ride facilities on the outskirts that offer a convenient way to access downtown areas.

Alternative Transportation Options

If you prefer not to rent a car or drive in Spain, there are alternative transportation options available. Public transportation, such as buses and trains, is widely available and affordable.

Another option is to join a guided tour, which allows you to sit back and relax while a professional driver takes you to your destination. This is also a great way to meet other travelers and learn more about Spain’s history and culture from a knowledgeable guide.

Flying Within Spain: Efficient and Affordable Transportation Options

Spain has a well-connected domestic flight network with many affordable airlines, making flying a convenient and efficient mode of transportation when traveling within the country.

Major airlines that operate domestic flights in Spain include Iberia, Vueling, Ryanair, and Air Europa. These airlines offer a variety of routes, including flights between major cities like Madrid, Barcelona, and Valencia, as well as smaller destinations like Santiago de Compostela and Bilbao.

Booking flights in advance is the best way to secure the most affordable fares. It’s recommended to book at least two weeks in advance, but prices can be even lower if you book further ahead.

When flying within Spain, it’s important to keep in mind the baggage restrictions of each airline. Budget airlines like Ryanair and Vueling tend to have stricter baggage limits, so be sure to check their policies before you pack.

Some popular tourist destinations in Spain, such as the Balearic and Canary Islands, can only be reached by air or by boat, so flying is often the most efficient option.

Comparing the Cost of Flying vs. Other Modes of Transportation

While flying can be an efficient option, it may not always be the most cost-effective. For shorter distances, traveling by bus or train can be more affordable.

For example, a train ticket from Madrid to Barcelona can cost as little as €25 ($29), while a flight for the same journey can cost upwards of €50 ($60).

However, for longer distances or when time is a consideration, flying can often be the most affordable and efficient option. It’s important to weigh the cost and time benefits of flying versus other modes of transportation to determine the best option for your travel needs.

Getting Around by Bus

If you’re planning on traveling around Spain on a tight budget, the bus is an excellent transportation option. The extensive bus network covers all major cities and popular tourist destinations, making it easy to get around Spain in 10 days or less. The buses are also equipped with comfortable amenities such as air conditioning, onboard toilets, and free Wi-Fi, ensuring a pleasant travel experience.

When choosing bus travel, it’s important to research the various bus companies and compare prices to find the best deal. Some of the most popular bus companies in Spain include Alsa, Avanza, and Socibus. You can purchase tickets online in advance or at the bus station on the day of travel.

Choosing the Right Bus Routes

When planning your itinerary, keep in mind that some bus routes are more frequent than others. If you’re traveling to popular tourist destinations such as Barcelona or Madrid, you’ll find plenty of bus options with multiple departures per day. However, if you’re planning to visit smaller towns or off-the-beaten-path locations, you’ll need to plan your travel carefully, as bus routes may be less frequent.

For example, if you’re planning to visit the picturesque mountain village of Ronda, located in Andalusia, you’ll need to take the bus from Malaga. However, there are only a few buses per day, so it’s important to plan your travel schedule accordingly.

Purchasing Bus Tickets

Most bus companies in Spain offer online ticketing services, making it easy to purchase tickets in advance. You’ll need to provide your travel dates, destination, and number of passengers to book your tickets. Some bus companies also offer mobile ticketing options, allowing you to show your ticket on your smartphone instead of printing it out.

If you prefer to purchase tickets at the bus station, make sure to arrive early, especially during peak travel seasons. You may also need to show identification when purchasing tickets at the station.

Bus Passes

If you’re planning to travel extensively by bus, you may want to consider purchasing a bus pass. Some bus companies offer unlimited travel for a specific period of time, such as one week or one month. This can be a cost-effective way to explore Spain, especially if you’re planning to visit multiple destinations.

Getting Around in Cities

Once you arrive at your destination by bus, you’ll need to find transportation within the city. Most cities in Spain have extensive public transportation networks, including buses, trams, and metro systems. You can purchase tickets at ticket machines located at the station or in some cases, directly from the driver.

If you’re planning to visit multiple attractions in the city, you may want to consider purchasing a tourist travel card. These cards offer unlimited travel on public transportation for a specific period of time, as well as discounts on admission to popular tourist attractions.

Navigating Spain’s Waterways

Spain’s waterways offer a unique way to experience the country’s stunning coastal and island regions. From ferries to cruises and water taxis, there are plenty of ways to travel by boat in Spain.

Ferries are a popular option for traveling between Spain’s islands and coastal cities. They are generally affordable and comfortable, offering amenities like food and drink service, restrooms, and outdoor seating. There are also high-speed ferries that can provide a faster and more efficient mode of transportation.

If you’re looking for a more luxurious experience, a cruise might be the right choice for you. Spain is a popular destination for Mediterranean cruises, offering a chance to visit multiple coastal cities and experience the country’s diverse culture and cuisine. Many cruises depart from Barcelona or Valencia and include stops in popular tourist destinations like Ibiza, Malaga, and Palma de Mallorca.

Water taxis are a convenient option for traveling short distances along Spain’s coast. They are often quicker and more direct than other modes of transportation, and can be a fun way to see the sights from the water. Prices vary depending on the distance and destination, but they can be an affordable and enjoyable way to get around.

Popular Tourist Destinations Accessible by Boat

DestinationMode of Transportation
Balearic IslandsFerry
Costa BravaCruise
Costa del SolFerry
Canary IslandsCruise

Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Spain can also be accessed by boat.

  1. The Balearic Islands, located in the Mediterranean Sea, are a top tourist destination known for their beautiful beaches, nightlife, and historic sites.
  2. The Costa Brava, a rugged coastal region in northeastern Spain, is another popular destination accessible by cruise. The Costa del Sol, located in southern Spain, offers sunny beaches and charming towns that can be reached by ferry.
  3. Galicia, a lush region in northwestern Spain, is known for its seafood and Celtic heritage and can be accessed by ferry from several ports.
  4. Finally, the Canary Islands, located off the coast of Africa, are a popular destination for winter sun and can be accessed by cruise.

When traveling by boat in Spain, it’s important to research your options and book in advance if possible. Some routes and destinations may have limited availability, especially during peak tourist season. However, traveling by boat can offer a unique and memorable way to explore Spain’s diverse regions.

Planning an Efficient Itinerary

Spain is a diverse country with many regions and attractions to explore. Planning an efficient itinerary is crucial to maximizing your time and making the most of your trip. Here are some tips to help you achieve a well-planned itinerary:

Research and Prioritize

Before your trip, research the different regions and attractions in Spain and prioritize the ones that interest you the most. This will help you focus your itinerary and avoid feeling overwhelmed. Be sure to factor in the transportation time between each destination and plan accordingly.

Combine Modes of Transportation

Spain offers a variety of transportation options, and combining different modes of transportation can help you save time and see more. For example, you could take a train to a major city and then rent a car to explore the surrounding countryside. Alternatively, you could fly or take a ferry to an island destination and then use public transportation to get around.

Plan for Rest and Relaxation

While it’s important to see and do as much as possible, it’s also essential to plan for rest and relaxation. Schedule in downtime to enjoy the local culture, cuisine, and scenery. Allow yourself time to savor the moment and immerse yourself in the experience.

Consider Time of Year

Spain experiences seasonal fluctuations in tourism, with peak seasons being summer and major holidays. Consider traveling during the shoulder seasons, such as April to June or September to November, to avoid crowds and save money on transportation and accommodation.

Book in Advance

Booking transportation and accommodation in advance can save you time and money. For example, train and bus tickets are often cheaper when booked in advance. Similarly, hotels and vacation rentals tend to fill up quickly during peak season, so it’s best to book early to secure your desired accommodations.

Stay Flexible

While it’s important to have a well-planned itinerary, it’s also essential to stay flexible and be open to unexpected opportunities. Allow room for spontaneity and adjust your itinerary as needed. Who knows, you may stumble upon a hidden gem that wasn’t on your original itinerary!

Budget for Transportation Expenses

Transportation expenses can add up quickly, so it’s important to budget accordingly. Research different transportation options and compare prices to find the most cost-effective solutions. Consider purchasing a travel pass or using discount airlines to save money on transportation.

Sample 10-Day Itinerary

DayDestinationMode of Transportation
6-7BarcelonaCar Rental

By following these tips and planning an efficient itinerary, you can make the most of your transportation options in Spain and enjoy the diverse experiences this country has to offer.

Tips for Traveling in Spain on a Budget

Spain is a popular tourist destination and can be expensive, but there are several ways to save money on transportation while still enjoying all that this vibrant country has to offer. As a seasoned traveler, I have discovered some excellent affordable travel options in Spain that I will share in this section.

Traveling by Train or Bus

Spain has a well-connected train and bus network, which can be a cost-effective way to explore the country. One of the best way to travel in Spain to save money is by purchasing tickets in advance and taking advantage of discounted fares. The Renfe website offers a variety of passes and discounts for train travel, including the Spain Pass, which provides unlimited train travel within a set timeframe.

Another great option is using bus companies like ALSA, which offers budget-friendly bus tickets to various destinations in Spain. Additionally, it’s worth considering overnight buses, which can save you the cost of accommodation for a night.

Choosing Budget Airlines

Spain has several budget airlines, such as Ryanair and Vueling, which offer affordable flights to many destinations within the country. The key to getting the best deals is to book early and be flexible with your travel dates. It’s also essential to read the fine print and check if there are any hidden fees, such as charges for baggage or seat selection.

Using Public Transportation in Cities

Most major cities in Spain have an excellent public transportation system, including buses, trains, and metro systems. Buying a multi-day travel pass can save you money if you plan on using public transportation frequently during your stay. Additionally, consider walking or renting a bike to explore the city at a more leisurely pace.

Staying in Budget Accommodations

Accommodation can be a significant expense while traveling, but there are budget-friendly options in Spain. Hostels are an excellent choice for solo travelers or those on a tight budget, and many offer private rooms as well as dorms. Another affordable option is renting an apartment or room through Airbnb or other similar services.

Eating Out on a Budget

Eating out can be expensive in Spain, but there are ways to save money while enjoying delicious local cuisine. Consider visiting local markets and grocery stores for affordable snacks and meals. Additionally, opting for a menú del día (menu of the day) at lunchtime can be an excellent value, providing a three-course meal at a fixed price.

Transportation TypeAverage Cost
Budget Airlines$20-$100
Public Transportation$1.50-$5 per ride

Overall, Spain offers a variety of affordable travel options that make it possible to explore the country on a budget. By planning ahead, being flexible, and taking advantage of discount options, you can enjoy all that Spain has to offer without breaking the bank.

Must-Visit Destinations in Spain

Spain is a country filled with history, culture, and stunning landscapes. With so many options, it can be overwhelming to decide which destinations to include in a 10-day trip. Here are a few must-visit places that showcase the diversity and beauty of Spain:

Must read Best Tourist Cities in Spain: Top Places, Attractions (2024)


Barcelona is a vibrant city that combines modern architecture with historical landmarks. A visit to the famous Sagrada Familia and Park Guell is a must for any first-time traveler to Barcelona. The city is also known for its delicious food, bustling nightlife, and beautiful beaches.


Madrid is the cultural and political capital of Spain. The city is full of museums, including the famous Prado Museum, and historical landmarks, such as the Royal Palace and Plaza Mayor. Madrid also boasts a lively restaurant and bar scene, where you can experience the famous Spanish tapas and wine.


Seville is a charming city located in the Andalusia region of Spain. It is famous for its stunning architecture, including the Alcazar Palace and Cathedral of Seville. Seville also offers a taste of traditional Spanish culture, with flamenco music and dance shows and bullfighting events.


Valencia is a coastal city known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant culture. The city is home to the futuristic City of Arts and Sciences, a unique architectural complex that includes an opera house, science museum, and aquarium. Valencia is also famous for its delicious paella.


Granada is a city located in the southern region of Andalusia. It is famous for the Alhambra, a stunning palace and fortress complex that dates back to the 13th century. Granada also offers a glimpse into traditional Spanish culture, with narrow cobblestone streets, bustling markets, and tapas bars.

Best Way to Travel in Spain in 10 Days

If you’re looking to visit these popular tourist destinations in Spain in just 10 days, the best way to travel is by a combination of train and rental car.

  • Begin your journey in Barcelona, taking a few days to explore the city’s famous landmarks and delicious food.
  • Then, take a high-speed train to Madrid, where you can spend a day or two visiting the many museums and historical sites.
  • Next, drive south to Sevilla and Granada, taking in the stunning architecture and traditional Spanish culture along the way.
  • Finally, drive to Valencia, where you can relax on the beach and explore the City of Arts and Sciences.

Exploring Off-the-Beaten-Path Locations

Spain is a country full of surprises, with many hidden gems beyond the well-known tourist destinations. If you’re looking for an authentic Spanish experience, exploring off-the-beaten-path locations is a must. Here are some of my favorite lesser-known places to visit:


Nestled in the mountainous region of Andalusia, Ronda is a charming town with a rich history and stunning natural surroundings. The town is split in two by a deep gorge, connected by the Puente Nuevo Bridge that offers breathtaking views. Visitors can explore the ancient Moorish heritage, winding streets, and enjoy traditional tapas.


Located on the Costa Brava, Cadaqués is a picturesque fishing village that has drawn artists and writers for centuries. The town’s white-washed houses and winding streets are truly enchanting. Visitors can spend time in the village’s art galleries, stroll along the beaches, or simply take in the stunning views of the Mediterranean.


Teruel, a city in the region of Aragon, is known for its Mudéjar architecture, a unique blend of Islamic and European styles. Visitors can explore the city’s medieval walls and towers, visit the beautiful Cathedral of Teruel and the iconic Lovers of Teruel Mausoleum. The city is also known for its local delicacies, including jamón serrano and truffles.


The region of Asturias, located in northern Spain, is a hidden gem full of natural beauty and unique cultural traditions. Visitors can explore the stunning Picos de Europa National Park, indulge in the region’s famous cider, and take part in traditional Asturian festivals and celebrations.


Albarracín, a small town in the province of Teruel, is known for its well-preserved medieval architecture and beautiful natural surroundings. Visitors can explore the town’s maze-like streets, discover the ancient castle and churches, and enjoy hiking in the surrounding hills.

Transportation Options

While these destinations may be off the beaten path, there are still transportation options available for visitors. Renting a car is a popular option for exploring these remote regions, but public transportation can also be convenient. Buses and trains connect many of these destinations, and some towns may even be accessible by boat.

Planning Your Visit

If you’re interested in exploring these off-the-beaten-path locations, be sure to plan ahead. Some of these destinations may not have as much tourist infrastructure as the major cities, so it’s important to research accommodations and activities in advance. With careful planning, you can discover some of the most beautiful and unique places in Spain.

Cultural Etiquette and Tips for Travelers in Spain

As a tourist in Spain, it’s important to be respectful of the country’s cultural etiquette and norms. Spanish people are generally friendly and welcoming, but it’s important to understand their customs and behavior to avoid any unintentional offense. Here are some tips for interacting with locals and embracing the culture:


While many Spanish people speak English, it’s always appreciated when tourists make an effort to speak the local language. Learn some basic Spanish phrases such as greetings and thank-yous. Spanish people are also generally loud and expressive, so don’t be surprised at raised voices and animated gestures.

Eating and Drinking

Food is an important part of Spanish culture, so don’t be afraid to try local specialties. When eating out, it’s customary to share dishes and order tapas to try a variety of flavors. Always wait for the host or hostess to give a toast before starting to drink. In Spain, the main meal is lunch, and dinner is usually eaten late at night.


Spain is a fashionable country, so dress to impress. However, when visiting religious sites and cathedrals, dress modestly and avoid shorts and tank tops. Beachwear is also not appropriate outside of the beach areas.


When using public transportation, always offer your seat to elderly or disabled passengers. Avoid eating or drinking on trains and buses, and keep your belongings close to you at all times to avoid theft.


Spain is a predominantly Catholic country, so be respectful of religious traditions and practices. If attending a Mass or religious event, dress appropriately and follow the instructions of the priest or officials.


When meeting someone for the first time, a simple handshake and greeting is appropriate. Kissing on the cheek is also common among friends and family, but it’s best to wait for the other person to initiate it. When saying goodbye, it’s customary to offer well wishes for the future.

C) Traveling Safely in Spain

When traveling to a new country, safety should always be a top priority. Here are some tips to help keep you safe while exploring Spain:

  • Be aware of your surroundings and keep an eye on your belongings, especially in crowded areas.
  • Avoid carrying large amounts of cash and valuables with you.
  • Be cautious when using public transportation, especially at night. Stick to well-lit areas and avoid empty train cars or buses.
  • Learn the local emergency numbers and keep them handy in case of an emergency.

It’s also important to have a basic understanding of Spanish laws and customs. Here are some practical tips:

  • Respect Spanish customs and traditions, such as siestas and meal times.
  • Learn some basic Spanish phrases to help you communicate with locals.
  • Be respectful when taking photos, especially at religious sites or in areas where photography is prohibited.

If you need medical assistance while in Spain, the country has a well-developed healthcare system. However, healthcare can be expensive for tourists, so it’s important to invest in travel insurance to cover any unexpected medical expenses.

By following these tips and staying vigilant, you can enjoy a safe and memorable trip to Spain.


As I conclude my article, I hope that I have provided valuable insights into the best ways to travel in Spain using different modes of transportation. Spain is a country that offers an array of experiences, and choosing the best mode of transportation can make a huge difference in the overall travel experience.

Whether you opt for a train, car, plane, bus, or boat, it’s important to consider your itinerary, budget, and personal preferences when making your choice. Spain’s efficient transportation network makes it easy for tourists to navigate the country and explore its breathtaking landscapes, vibrant cities, and rich cultural heritage.

By planning your trip well and keeping in mind the tips and suggestions shared in this article, you can make the most of your journey in Spain while staying safe, comfortable, and within your budget.

So, what are you waiting for? Start planning your trip to Spain today and experience all that this beautiful country has to offer. From the bustling streets of Madrid to the serene beaches of Andalusia, Spain is a paradise for travelers, and the best way to travel around is just a click away. Happy travels!


What’s the best way to get in Spain?

Public transportation in Spain is multi-modal and highly efficient with great convenience for commuters. Travelling on speed in Spain is through trains. The bus is ideal for those traveling on a budget and who can put up with slow travel times in Spain. Spanish air transport is considered as the fastest mode of movement around Spain especially with regards to flying to Spanish overseas archipelagos.

What is the best mode of travel in Spain?

Your choice of the preferred mode of travel in Span should be determined by the nature and duration of your trip. When it is possible, use trains, especially if you travel widely. However, train can be ideal if you are planning to spend much time in big cities. However, a car might just come in handy if you want to venture into the unknown paths that lead to small towns. The cheaper alternative for budget conscious visitors or groups more than two are rental cars.

What is the best way to explore Spain?

Your choice of exploring Spian should also depend on what interest you and how much time is available for the tour. As first time visitor, you could begin in the biggest cities, namely Barcelona has huge amount of everything – culture, cuisine, sights, history while the same can be said about Madrid as well. Additionally, you can visit southwards in Andalusia and northwards in Catalonia. You can as well have a road trip that goes into deeper details about the country if you have extra time.

Is it better to travel Spain by car or train?

Depending on your traveling schedule and preferences, you may prefer traveling through the country in a car or by trains. The train would be an ideal choice if you only wanted to visit major places such as Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, and Valencia. Therefore, if you wanted to travel around several cities and sights, far from big cities, a road trip is what would you surely like.

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